Types of Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is an umbrella term used to identify a group of chronic paralyses, a disorder that affects the control of movement resulting from damage during the development of the brain. Cerebral palsy usually develops in children between the ages 2 and 3 and is known as a non-progressive disorder. This means that the damage in the brain does not progress or worsen as the child grows up. However, the symptoms of cerebral palsy do change over time, mainly due to the brain damage, and this is the leading cause of chronic childhood disability.

There are different types of cerebral palsy, all depending on the areas of the brain that is affected. Doctors who specialize in cerebral palsy approach the condition in varying lights, thus it could be difficult to truly determine the type of cerebral palsy a child has. One of the ways that medical professionals categorize the types of cerebral palsy is through the condition’s level of severity. Often the condition doesn’t get any worse, but its presence is hardly welcome.

Cerebral palsy can be classified through its level of severity, it being mild, moderate, severe, and no CP. These are often broad definitions that need to have specific criteria. A child may have mild cerebral palsy if he or she does not require assistance when moving and when his or her everyday activities are not limited. Moderate cerebral palsy are seen in those who require braces as well as medications and adaptive technology to help accomplish daily tasks. Children with severe cerebral palsy exhibit significant challenges in performing everyday tasks and need to be in a wheelchair to move about. Those who have no CP means that although signs of cerebral palsy are present, the condition was determined to be acquired after the brain has fully developed and could therefore be classified as caused by traumatic brain injuries or other outside incidents.

Presently, cerebral palsy still needs further research and studies in order to fully determine the causes as well as understand how it can be treated. Birth injuries are among the most common believed cause of cerebral palsy, although there are many others. Despite cerebral palsy only being a neurological disorder, secondary conditions could complicate the growth and development of the child, making it a serious condition.


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